PREVALENCE OF AMOEBIASIS AMONG CHILDREN OF UNGWAN GIRKU AND SABON LAYI DISTRICTS OF NASARAWA
This study assessed the extent of spread of Entamoeba histolytica Infection among Children of Ungwan Girku and Sabon Layi Districts in Nasarawa town, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Eighty(80) stool samples were obtained and examined microscopically for the presence of cyst(s) and/or trophozoite(s) of the parasite. The overall prevalence among children of these two areas was 20%. Among children of these localities between the ages of 2-5 years, a prevalence of 12% was obtained. A prevalence of 23.64% was recorded for children aged 6 years and above. A prevalence of 22% was recorded for males and 16.67% for females. Also, a prevalence of 1.82% was recorded for children from households with good sanitary conditions, 60% for children from households with poor sanitary conditions. Also, a prevalence of 37.5% was recorded among children whose households used well water for domestic purposes (cooking and drinking), 2.56% among children whose households used pipe-borne water, and 33.33% among children whose households used borehole water. Chi-square test was used in the analysis of results to determine the association between gender, age, sanitary conditions, sources of water and the infection. The prevalence of the infection was not statistically significant (P>0.05) in relation to gender and age. Conversely, the prevalence of the infection was statistically significant (P< 0.05) in relation to sanitary conditions and the kinds of water the households used for domestic purposes. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of amoebiasis in Ugwan Girku and Sabon Layi districts of Nasarawa town with the view to enhancing the prospects for prevention and control.
|Keywords: Prevalence, Amoebiasis, children, Entamoeba, Cysts, Nasarawa Town|
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